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Category Archives: Health and Medical

African Mango Diet Pill

Health magazines and on-line research websites were overflowing with questions regarding the genuineness of African mango diet. More and more reviews by expert analysts and physicians were required to satiate people’s concerns.

For a long time masses were submissive about talking to their friends or doctors about their weight loss concerns. Those who wanted to talk about this and were ready to accept a few measures were apprehensive about taking the pills due to side-effect concerns. With the coming of African mango and the increased awareness about their health benefits from several reviews, more people came ahead and were curious to know about how this exceptional dieting could assist you as a supplement for slimming. The African Mango reviews in several magazines, websites and blogs does not appear to satisfy the mass.

African mango itself is not something that is new. Apparently it had an existence before the African mango review on the cyberspace. We have known about the existence of African mango in the interiors of African forests. However the awareness about the health aids of African mango is a very much recent phenomenon. One of the reasons why this diet has become popular in The states is because of the high inflow of expert reviews.

The effectivity of this diet pill as fat burners is a scientifically proven fact. Keeping an African mango diet before meals favorably impacts the body weight and helps in a variety of parameters characteristic of metabolic syndrome.

Data collected from diverse review article say that the intake of these pills helps in the production of Adiponectin, a hormone that provides many health benefits when present in big quantities. In addition to controlling the amount of sugar absorption rate, these hormones also helps in the rate of metabolism. Heart diseases caused due to the inflammation of blood vessels are thus prevented. So it is better to convert to this diet as quick as possible. Not just for its weight loss aids but for its added health implications.

This diet pill will not just helps you to eliminate bad cholesterol, it also helps your body to elevate good cholesterol. The mango pill has soluble fiber content in it which helps to eliminate bad cholesterol and other toxic contents from the body. If you and your family are considering this diet, then you will be able to control your appetite.

Low levels of leptin are one of the reasons for sustaining hunger. This particular mango increases the production of leptin which makes you feel that your body is always full. The end result of all these properties of African mango is weight loss. The reviews and testimonials available in text form as well as online will assist you further about how to follow this superb and effective diet.

Being a vegetarian may not be of great help in losing weight if you do not control your diet. With suitable amount of fat burners and cholesterol regulators, African mango provides you the right option for weight loss.

There are uncounted slimming programs in our community. Most of them demand people to take in extremely less quantity of food which in the long term will worsen people’s health.

Treat Endometriosis

Vitamin B1
I. Definition
Vitamin B1 is one of the members of the vitamin B complex, it is also known as thiamin or thiamine. It’s most common form is a colorless chemical compound with the formula C12H17N4OS. It was discovered in 1910 by Umetaro Suzuki in Japan. It is a water soluble vitamin, therefore it can be stored in the body and is required to be taken regularly.

II. How Vitamin B1 benefits women with endometriosis
Women with endometriosis are found to have vitamin B complex deficiency during the menstrual cycle. It is not known if it is caused by unhealthy diet or the inability of digestive absorption.
a) Level of estrogen
Vitamin B1 helps to detoxify the liver which may be caused by intake of of alcohol, smoking and heavy metals. A strong liver is particularly important for secretion of cholesterol in breaking down estrogen that causes menstrual cramps as well as hormone balancing in the body.

b) Immune system
Vitamin B1 is an antioxidant that helps to strengthen the immune system against the forming of free radicals, endometrial implants, and adhesion somewhere else in the body except the endometrium.

c) Red blood cells
Study shows that vitamin B1 helps to normalize the activity of an enzyme called transketolase in red blood cells resulting in increased amounts of the two proteins THTR-1 and RFC-1 which helps to transport thiamine into red blood cells. This increases the production of red blood cells in the bloodstream.

d) Nervous system
It helps to reduce tension of the nervous system as a resulting of converting carbohydrates to energy which is necessary for the proper functions of the nervous system. Thereby it reduces symptoms of endometriosis in some women such as anxiety, depression, and mood swings.

e) Intestine muscle tone
Vitamin B1 helps to secrete hydrochloric acid in the stomach which is essential for the complete digestion of food particles and decreases the risk of nutrient deficiency causing hormone imbalance in the menstrual cycle.

Vitamin B2
I. Definition
Vitamin B2 is water soluble, also known as riboflavin. It has a chemical compound formula of C17H20N4O6. Like many other vitamin B complexes, it plays an important role in providing energy to our body by the metabolism of fat, carbohydrates and protein.

II. How vitamin B2 helps to treat endometriosis
1. Red blood cell formation
Vitamin B2 includes the active co-enzyme forms of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) that helps to transport vitamin b2 into the red blood cell as well as maintaining the red blood cell formation.

2. Strengthens the immune system
Vitamin B2 is an antioxidant that helps to rejuvenate the immune system caused by toxins accumulated in the liver that helps to maintain our body’s function fighting against any abnormality of cell growth including abnormal endometrial cells.

3. Cell growth
Since vitamin B2 helps in protein metabolism, it helps to maintain normal cell division or cell growth which decreases the risk of cell abnormality and prevent endometrial cells to grow somewhere else in the body excluding the endometrium.

4. Iron and vitamin B6
Vitamin B2 is needed for a healthy mucus membrane in the digestive system. It enhances the absorption of iron and vitamin B6 which is essential for women with endometriosis and heavy flow during menstruation.

5. Migraine
The Riboflavin that is found in Vitamin B2 has shown beneficial results by assisting in decreasing the time as well as the frequency in which one gets a migraine headache due to symptoms of endometriosis during menstruation.

6. Nervous system
Vitamin B2 can assist with alleviating stress as well as reducing symptoms of depression that are brought on by digestive disorders that generally affects women with endometriosis during the menstrual cycle.

Vitamin B3

I. Definition
Vitamin B3 , also known as niacin, is a water-soluble vitamin. Besides being usedto treat pellagra caused by dietary lack of vitamin B3 and protein, it also has been known to be effective in treating endometriosis because women with endometriosis are found to have vitamin B3 deficiency. It has a chemical compound formula of C6H5NO2.

II. How vitamin B3 helps in treating endometriosis
1. Hormone synthesis
Vitamin B3 is found to help the manufacturing of hormones such as cortisone and the sex hormone estrogen in a woman’s body. Besides helping to inhibit levels of bad estrogen that causes menstrual cramps during menstrual cycle, it also helps to balance the prostaglandin hormone which causes over-active uterine muscles.

2. Digestive system
Deficiency of vitamin B3 is generally found in women with endometriosis during menstruation. It may be caused by the inability of the digestive system in breaking down food particles. Intake of vitamin B3 helps to re-balance the hormones that cause menstrual cramps.

3. Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Besides helping to provide energy for our body in metabolism of carbohydrate through bile secretion, vitamin B3 also helps in the metabolism of protein and fat which are important for our body’s function.

4. Circulatory stimulation
Vitamin B3 also helps in stimulation of the circulatory system by reducing the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) from the arteries in some people.

5. Nervous system
Vitamin B3 is important for the healthy activity of the nervous system by providing the metabolism of protein and fat which are nutrients necessary for brain cells resulting in reduced symptoms of endometriosis such as depression, anxiety, and irritation.

6. Inflammation
Vitamin B3 increases the level of prostaglandins hormones which control the physiologic processes of blood clotting and inflammation.

Acai Berry Pills

If you are getting Acai extract, you are getting scammed. No other ingredient is effective besides the 100% genuine Acai. You must be willing to purchase only those that contain 100% freeze dried berries to benefit from the results that these berries can achieve. Although they may have come from genuine berries, extracts are just too weak to achieve any effect in weight loss or improvement in health.

Any filler and additive used are unnecessary. These ingredients are merely additional compounds that may even prove harmful to your health. Acai pills are very potent supplements as it is and it produces no side effects.

Free Supplements
Acai berries are very expensive to plant, grow and harvest. Each grower must also adhere to strict protocols during the entire planting, growing and harvesting process. No pesticides or fertilizers should be used if these berries are to be manufactured into supplements, juices or as food.

Free supplements that come with purchasing other products are acceptable. But if it is offered completely free, it just sounds too suspicious to be true. It is a business after all and companies would expect something in return for the free product. With free supplements, you may just be getting a substandard product given for free to test whether it is effective. In this case, you are merely made a guinea pig to tell whether the product is effective and safe. If it turns out the supplement puts you at risk, the company will not be held liable because you willingly took the pill for free without any guarantee.

Genuine Acai Supplements with Minuscule Berry Concentrations
You should be expecting optimum weight loss because you finally found a product that contains genuine 100% Acai with no fillers or additives. But did you check the concentration per serving? Genuine Acai supplements are only effective when used in high enough amounts to yield results. Because of the costly expenses of growing and manufacturing berries into supplements, many companies are using minute concentrations of berries per serving. Although it is a genuine product, it still won’t be effective enough for weight loss and other health benefits.

If you want the most effective Acai supplement in the market, you should try taking Pure Acai Berry Max. This supplement if filled only with 100% organic, freeze dried and unaltered berries. Each serving is a whooping 1,500 mg so you lose an average of 1-5 pounds a week! It uses no filler or additives so you get to experience all the amazing benefits without a single side effect. The company behind Pure Acai Berry Max does not offer any free trials but it does offer numerous bonuses and discounts to make the product more cost effective. Rarely can you find a Pure Acai Berry Max review that is negative. Rarely can you also find an Acai supplement that can achieve results as quickly as Pure Acai Berry Max can.

Forskolin Supplements Best Choice

Related genetically to the common mint herb, Forskolin is made from the bulbous roots of a plant called Coleus forskohlii which grows perennially in tropical and subtropical parts of India and countries in the east of Africa such as Uganda, as well as countries such as Thailand. In Asian cultures, its roots are served as a relish and taste like slightly sour pickles. Traditionally and historically, it boasts, a wide range of curative uses, and is known to be the ancient remedy of choice for conditions such as stomach ailments, skin conditions, infections resulting from diseases such as syphilis, and even as a pain-reliever for rheumatism.

It is known that Ayurvedic culture used Coleus forskohliiin the treatment of heart, lung and urinary conditions and problems. It has also been used as an alternative to conventional oral contraception and to reduce excessive menstruation. In the 1970s, it has been known to have been used in the treatment of cardiovascular and circulatory issues, as well as certain forms of cancer.

How is it possible for an herb to be able to address such a wide range of ailments? According to scientists, one of Forskolin’s features is that administered in the correct proportions, it does tend to stimulate the enzyme known as Adenylyl cyclase in all its known forms. What this means is, once ingested, Forskolin will trigger a response in a vast range of cells and tissues all over the body, which has a knock-on effect on other cells and tissues. But one quality unique to Forskolin is that many of its actions are reversible, unlike other well used and well-marketed fat burners.

For this reason, in the last decade or so, Forskolin has become the drug of choice for fitness enthusiasts and gym trainers for its reputed testosterone and fat burning properties. Its use as an orally taken drug is relatively new – it was formerly used in tiny quantities as an eye drop, powder or part of an infusion for intravenous treatments. While the weight loss properties of the herb, which has been developed commercially as a supplement, have not been exhaustively researched or documented yet, in a small case study conducted, Forskolin’s effects on obesity have been proven by researchers at the University of Kansas, to be efficacious in addressing conditions such as obesity, appetite control and related situations. These trials were documented on a 12-week case study on overweight men. The participants in the case study took both 250mg of Forskolin twice daily, and placebos. And it was overwhelmingly proven that the Forskolin contributed convincingly to the weight loss of the men who were taking the real Forskolin and not the placebo.

The interactions between Forskolin supplements and other medicines or supplements are not yet comprehensively researched or documented. In addition, there is no list of the possible contraindications, side effects and effects of overdosing on Forskolin, owing to the as yet undocumented evidence of broader clinical trials. At this stage, however, researchers do know that it’s not safe to take Forskolin while you’re pregnant or breastfeeding of if you suffer from a genetic tendency to have polycystic kidney disease.

Customer reviews concerning the efficacy of Forskolin are mixed, with many of them unequivocally declaring Forskolin the miracle drug for weight loss. Interestingly among those who have criticized its value negatively, the common consensus is that it doesn’t work or that weight loss is not as exaggeratedly rapid as those individuals may have been led to expect. This is productive and positive for Forskolin, given that the public might not understand the pragmatics of losing weight under the treatment of a supplement. They also may not be taking it properly. None of the reviews that are published on the internet comment on secondary health concerns experienced after having taken a course of Forskolin. But regardless of what other people have said, it is always recommendable to consult your health practitioner before undertaking a commitment to a new health supplement.

Risks of Over Counter Drugs

Well evidently concerns about potential liver damage don’t really describe Tylenol as the leading cause of liver failure and tens of thousands overdose on the drug each year. Literally thousands of people have died from the toxic effects of acetaminophen throughout the years with untold damage to people diagnosed with liver failure requiring transplants or decades of dialysis treatment.

Acetaminophen is toxic to the liver and if continual abuse will cause severe liver injury possibly culminating into drug induced hepatitis. There are well over 2,000 cases of acute liver failure each year with 50% coming from acetaminophen. Acetaminophen is considered one of the least harmful drugs known to man to the degree it is sold over the counter to anyone.

This is not new information between 1990- 2001 26,000 people were hospitalized and an average of 450 people each year from acetaminophen overdose. Johnson and Johnson have some concerns there may be potential for damage caused by the chemical might be downplaying it just a little. Recommended daily doses are being cut from 4,000 milligrams to 3,000 milligrams or six 500 milligram pills.

Health experts continue to be concerned with overdoses from other drug considered less harmful containing ibuprofen like Advil and Motrin, the cold medicine Theraflu and Benadryl. Ibuprofen causes gastrointestinal problems and kidney damage. Mild side effects of ibuprofen are – Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; gas; headache; heartburn; nausea; stomach pain or upset and weakness.

Severe side effects range severe allergic reactions like a rash or hives, itching, trouble breathing, tightness in the chest, swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue to vomit that looks like coffee grounds, chest pain, confusion and depression just to name a few.

Many physicians and health officials warn the public that all drugs have negative effects, although some do have benefits that outweigh negative effects; drugs are toxic and have toxic effects on the body. Any time you altar normal bodily function with chemicals there are other adverse reactions.

B12 Injection

If that wasn’t enough it plays a role with digestion. Digestion is really big, did you know that 90% of the feel good chemical serotonin is produced in the gut? 80% of the immune system is in the gut. Plus you need it for your heart.

Basically if you don’t get enough it’s going to mess up your senses, digestion, heart, brain and a lot more.

So why would you want to inject vitamin B12? Well, if someone is deficient maybe they have a disorder it can be a quick way to get the vitamin.

There are side effects and 1 potential danger is there is insufficient knowledge about the safety of larger amounts of this vitamin during pregnancy. According to ConsumerLabs (they test a bunch of supplements) overdosing on this vitamin with pregnant women has been associated with increased risk of autism of babies.

It’s probably not a good idea to take if you are pregnant. In fact any supplement shouldn’t be taken if you’re pregnant, unless it’s omega 3.

Also if you consume too much of the vitamin you could experience diarrhea, wanting to vomit and stomach pains. The good news is that since it’s water-soluble it’s not easy to overdose.

Like most things in life your body could just rebel and this means an allergic reaction. This includes soreness/itching at the injection site. Muscle cramping, irregular heart beats and even problems with your senses such as slurred speech, vision changes or chest pains. If you do experience nasty side effects then you should stop taking the vitamin and consult your doctor about your options.

The last danger I’m going to mention is that it could interact negatively with a drug. If you are taking any drugs you really should consult your doctor before giving this injection a try.

Some Risks for Diet Pills

Diet pills can be addictive and can also have harmful side effects even when they are taken according to the doctor’s directions. If you have any health problems, consult your physician before taking any kind of diet pill. Be sure that you follow the directions and be sure that you’re aware of possible side effects. Stop taking the pills immediately if you experience any of them. Some known side effects of diet pills include:

  • anxiety or nervousness,
  • irritability, insomnia and a feeling of restlessness or hyperactivity,
  • high blood pressure,
  • tightness in the chest,
  • heart palpitations,
  • heart attack,
  • stroke or congestive heart failure,
  • digestive tract problems like vomiting, diarrhea, constipation or other stomach pain,
  • fever,
  • dry mouth,
  • headaches,
  • dizziness,
  • blurred vision,
  • profuse sweating,
  • hair loss,
  • menstrual cycle and sex drive disturbances and
  • urinary tract problems.

In the case of overdose, users can experience tremors or convulsions, confusion or hallucinations, breathing problems, renal failure or heart attack.

As you can see, diet pills need to be taken with caution due to all of the physical risks. But there are emotional risks too. Often those trying to lose weight may start to feel emotionally dependent on the pills. They may attribute their initial success to diet pills only, forgetting any diet modifications, exercise or other lifestyle changes that may have been the true reason for the weight loss. People will often ‘pill hop’, trying one new pill after the other, looking for the magic cure that will let them continue to eat whatever they want but still lose weight. However, only a balanced, sensible diet combined with exercise has been proven to keep weight off over any amount of time. And no pill will cause the lifestyle and emotional changes needed to stop overeating and start losing weight.

Side Effects from Vitamin D

Vitamin D overdose happens most often when someone gets plenty of sun exposure, enjoys foods that contain high amounts of Vitamin D, and exceeds the recommended dosage with Vitamin D supplements. If you’re taking a quality multivitamin and getting enough sunshine, you may not need to take additional vitamins at all. Doubling up on supplements of any kind may lead to problems, particularly with vitamins that are stored in the body. In healthy adults, taking more than 40,000 IU of Vitamin D can cause toxicity after several months.

Vitamin D is one of the fat-soluble vitamins, along with Vitamin A, E and K. This means it will dissolve in fat but not water. Once your body absorbs Vitamin D, it stores it in your liver and your fatty tissues. Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in your body for up to six months.

Although there’s no established threshold for Vitamin D overdose, the upper intake level is generally agreed to be about 4,000 IU per day for most people, from pre-teens to adults. If you’re taking liquid Vitamin D supplements, be sure the dropper is clearly marked so you can get the proper dosage and avoid unwanted Vitamin D side effects.

Vitamin D overdose causes something called hypercalcemia, or too much calcium in the blood. If hypercalcemia is not treated, it results in excess deposits of calcium in soft tissues and organs such as the kidneys, liver, stomach, lungs and heart, causing pain and even organ damage.

Taking excessive amounts of Vitamin D can result in side effects commonly beginning with a loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. These are often followed by itching, weakness, insomnia, nervousness, general depression, excessive urination, excessive thirst, and in extreme cases, renal failure. Other symptoms of Vitamin D overdose include abnormal bone growth, diarrhea, irritability, weight loss, and severe depression.

Treating Vitamin D toxicity starts with restricting Vitamin D supplements and limiting calcium intake. Exposure to sunlight for prolonged periods doesn’t normally cause Vitamin D overdose, so it isn’t much of a factor in overcoming Vitamin D side effects.

Who Is At Risk of Vitamin D Side Effects?

People with certain medical conditions like hyperparathyroidism are more sensitive to Vitamin D and are more prone to develop hypercalcemia if they get too much Vitamin D.

Maternal hypercalcemia during pregnancy can increase sensitivity for the unborn child. This could lead to tragic consequences such as mental retardation and facial deformities for the baby. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult a healthcare professional before taking a Vitamin D supplement.

For liquid Vitamin D meant for babies, the FDA recommends that the dosage dropper holds no more than 400 IU. Babies up to one year old should have no more than 1,000 IU per day. In November 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) increased the daily upper limit to 2,500 IU for children 1 to 3 years old. For ages 4 to 8 years, the maximum dose is 3,000 IU per day.

If you’re a healthy adult and you’re taking large doses of Vitamin D, you could be flirting with some serious side effects. Published cases of toxicity involving hypercalcemia all involve an intake of more than 40,000 IU per day. If your own Vitamin D consumption falls under this limit, then your outcome is likely to be sunny.

Heart Boosters

Garlic

In the 1980’s, research began to demonstrate the amazing value of garlic in the protection of the heart and circulatory system.

Several hundred published research papers show that garlic can lower cholesterol, reduce blood pressure, and make the blood less sticky, thus reducing the risk of clots.

A regular intake of garlic not only protects the heart and circulation and boosts their function, but also protects against food poisoning, other bacterial and fungal infections, and even has some cancer-fighting properties.

Sulfur-rich compounds released when garlic is crushed not only produce it characteristic smell but also most of its therapeutic benefits. For this reason, supplements that are deodorized or made solely of extracted garlic oil are not as effective as either the whole bulb or the standardized whole extract.

Ginkgo Biloba

The potent natural chemicals in ginkgo extract have the unique ability to improve circulation to the brain, at the same time reducing the stickiness of blood.

Research shows that ginkgo is highly effective in improving short-term memory loss in the elderly. Even people in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease can benefit from ginkgo biloba.

There is no evidence that the plant is in any way a treatment for Alzheimer’s, but given in the early stages of the illness it appears to delay the worsening of symptoms by many months.

Research conducted by Professor Ian Hindmarch, of the Human Psychopharmacology Research Unit at the University of Surrey, in England, surveyed the impact of ginkgo on a group of volunteers who were young, healthy, and had no memory problems.

The results demonstrated that ginkgo improved concentration, psychomotor skills, and memory in the group taking 120mg of extract daily.

As a general circulatory stimulant, ginkgo is helpful in the treatment of Raynaud’s disease, chilblains, and tinnitus.

Horse chestnut

Although traditionally horse chestnut was used for its cleansing and anti-inflammatory properties, its most important use is in the treatment of peripheral circulatory disorders.

Aescin, the most powerful of its constituents, acts specifically as a tonic to vein walls, making this an excellent remedy for the relief of varicose veins, fluid retention, and hemorrhoids. Local application is excellent for reducing swelling after an injury.

Lycopene

According to Dr. Venket Rao, from the Department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Toronto, in Canada, “Population studies have recently shown that women consuming high levels of tomatoes and tomato products rich in lycopene are less likely to suffer from breast, ovarian, and cervical cancers”.

These are the most common cancers in women and the principle cause of cancer-related deaths. Although lycopene is similar to the other carotenoids such as beta-carotene, the unique way in which it works together with vitamin C makes it a most powerful protective antioxidant.

Professor Truscott from Keele University, England, speculates that lycopene may slow the onset of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of poor vision and eventually blindness, in the elderly.

Vitamin Euphoria

Nowadays, artificial vitamins are added to almost every processed food – not because they are so good for you, but because foods that are “enriched” sell better. Cereals, bread, milk, yoghurt, boiled sweets, even dog food with added vitamins leave the supermarket shelves much faster than do those without them. Smokers, meat eaters, sugar addicts, or people who drink too much alcohol can now continue enjoying their self-destructing habits without having to fear the dreaded vitamin deficiency, thanks to the blessed food industry. The magic food supplements have become an insurance policy against poor diet, and nobody has to feel guilty anymore over eating junk food. And on top of that, scientific research suggests that taking large doses of supplements may protect you against disease, even though there is no real evidence to support that claim. As seen in the sales figures, the public believes that the more vitamins you take, the healthier you get.

But are vitamins really so good for your health? Despite the massive amounts of vitamins consumed in modern societies, general health is declining everywhere, except in those countries that still rely mostly on fresh farmed foods. Could the mass consumption of vitamins be even co-responsible for this trend?

Sodium and water are essential to maintain sodium levels and hydrate the body, but too much of either can seriously upset the body’s electrolyte balance. Overconsumption of vitamin A, for example, can cause loss of hair, double vision, headaches, and vomiting in women, all indications of vitamin poisoning. If a woman is pregnant, the supplement can even harm her unborn baby. As we will see, vitamins can even endanger a person’s life.

In the beginning of the 17th century, Japan was afflicted with a disease, called beriberi, which killed many people. By the year 1860, over one third of Japan’s marines had fallen ill with symptoms of weight loss, frequent heart complaints, loss of appetite, irritability, burning sensations in the feet, lack of concentration, and depression. The symptoms quickly disappeared whenever rice, Japan’s most important staple food, was replaced with other foods.

Thirty years later the Dutch physician Christiaan Eijkman conducted an experiment feeding chicken with white rice. The chicken developed symptoms such as loss of weight, weakness, and signs of nerve infection, which Eijkman interpreted as being beriberi. The symptoms disappeared again when the chicken were fed with brown rice. Soon later Eijkman discovered a few, previously unknown substances within the bran of the whole rice; one of them was named B1. This initiated the era of vitamins.

But, as it turned out, beriberi wasn’t caused by vitamin B1 deficiency. People no longer suffered from beriberi once they discontinued eating rice altogether. It should have been noticed from the beginning that, with “no rice – no vitamin B1 – no beriberi,” the disease must have had other causes than vitamin deficiency. Japanese marine soldiers died within three days after consuming white rice, yet it takes much longer than that to get a B1 deficiency. The origin of this mysterious disease was revealed when in 1891 a Japanese researcher discovered that beriberi is caused by the poison citreoviridine. Citreoviridine is produced by mold in white rice that is stored in filthy and humid environments.

Yet until today, the vitamin B1-beriberi-hypothesis is still maintained in medical text books around the world. Although it has never been proved that a B1 deficiency causes such symptoms as fatigue, loss of appetite, exhaustion, depression, irritability, and nerve damage, many patients having these symptoms are told that they have a vitamin-B deficiency. During vitamin B1 trial studies, all the participants complained about the highly monotonous diet they were given; they suffered fatigue and loss of appetite, regardless of whether they received B1 in their diet or not. As soon as they returned to their normal diet, even without B1, the symptoms spontaneously disappeared.

Another B-vitamin is nicotinic acid or also known as niacin. It has become very popular and is now routinely added to many foods. Niacin is supposed to safeguard us against diarrhea, dementia, and the skin disease pellagra. Pellagra is more widespread among people who eat maize, though not everyone who eats maize gets pellagra. Pellagra was found to be caused by food poisoning through spoiled maize. The poison involved has been identified as T2-toxine and is known to disturb niacin metabolism, thus producing pellagra. Besides the great importance given to taking extra niacin today this substance is not really a vitamin at all since it can be produced by the body itself.